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Mac OS X Server is the server edition of the Mac OS. It is based on the BSD-Unix-based operating system that Apple Inc. acquired from NeXT Computer and which formed the basis of the current Mac OS X.

Prior to Mac OS X, Apple's AppleShare services provided server applications such as file and printer sharing and user management.

The first version of Mac OS X Server, released on March 16, 1999 and dubbed "1.0" was a hybrid of OPENSTEP from NeXT Computer and Mac OS 9. The GUI looked more like OPENSTEP did, with an emulation layer for running legacy Mac OS 9 based applications. WebObjects was included with the server package.

As of version 10.0 of Mac OS X released May 21, 2001, the server version and the standard version are nearly identical. (There was an earlier version of Mac OS X Server released some time before the introduction of Mac OS X 10.0 and Mac OS X Server 10.0) Mac OS X Server mainly adds server management software—web, mail, and user services. Most of OS X Server's services are based on standard BSD tools, e.g., the Apache web server; Mac OS X Server adds a GUI interface to these services. An exception, however, are User services, which are based on (NeXT's) NetInfo.

At version 10.3 (released August 2003), OS X Server presents a mature, fully featured server environment. User and file management are provided via Open Directory, an LDAP compatible server architecture. The new Workgroup Manager interface improves configuration significantly. Many common network services are provided such as NTP, SNMP, Web Server, Mail Server, LDAP, AppleTalk, Print Server. The inclusion of SAMBA version 3 allows tight integration with Windows clients and servers. MySQL v4.0.16 and PHP v4.3.7 are also included.

Starting with version 10.7, OS X Server became available as a downloadable update to Mac OS X, adding the extra features lacking in the Client version of the OS.  This is mostly the configuration interface, as the back-end services are for the most part included in OS X proper.

List of OS X Server Versions

OS X Server 1 (Rhapsody)

  • OS X Server 1.0 (March 16, 1999)
  • OS X Server 1.0.1 (April 15, 1999)
  • OS X Server 1.0.2 (July 29, 1999)
  • OS X Server 1.2 (January 14, 2000)
  • OS X Server 1.2v2
  • OS X Server 1.2v3 (October 27, 2000)

OS X Server 10.0

  • OS X Server 10.0.0 (May 21, 2001)
  • OS X Server 10.0.1
  • OS X Server 10.0.2
  • OS X Server 10.0.3
  • OS X Server 10.0.4 (July 3, 2001)

OS X Server 10.1

  • OS X Server 10.1.0 (September 25, 2001)
  • OS X Server 10.1.1
  • OS X Server 10.1.2
  • OS X Server 10.1.3 (February 19, 2002)
  • OS X Server 10.1.4 (April 17, 2002)
  • OS X Server 10.1.5

OS X Server 10.2

  • OS X Server 10.2.0 (August 23, 2002)
  • OS X Server 10.2.1 (September 18, 2002)
  • OS X Server 10.2.2 (November 11, 2002)
  • OS X Server 10.2.3 (December 19, 2002)
  • OS X Server 10.2.4 (February 24, 2003)
  • OS X Server 10.2.5
  • OS X Server 10.2.6 (May 8, 2003)
  • OS X Server 10.2.7
  • OS X Server 10.2.8 (October 10, 2003)

OS X Server 10.3

  • OS X Server 10.3.0 (October 24, 2003)
  • OS X Server 10.3.1 (November 10, 2003)
  • OS X Server 10.3.2 (December 19, 2003)
  • OS X Server 10.3.3 (March 15, 2004)
  • OS X Server 10.3.4 (May 26, 2004)
  • OS X Server 10.3.5 (August 9, 2004)
  • OS X Server 10.3.6 (November 5, 2004)
  • OS X Server 10.3.7 (December 15, 2004)
  • OS X Server 10.3.8 (January 7, 2005)
  • OS X Server 10.3.9 (April 15, 2005)

OS X Server 10.4

  • OS X Server 10.4.0 PPC (April 29, 2005)
  • OS X Server 10.4.1 PPC
  • OS X Server 10.4.2 PPC
  • OS X Server 10.4.3 PPC
  • OS X Server 10.4.4 PPC
  • OS X Server 10.4.5 PPC / Intel
  • OS X Server 10.4.6 PPC / Intel
  • OS X Server 10.4.7 PPC / Intel (August 10, 2006)
  • OS X Server 10.4.8 PPC / Intel
  • OS X Server 10.4.9 PPC / Intel
  • OS X Server 10.4.10 PPC / Intel
  • OS X Server 10.4.11 PPC / Intel

OS X Server 10.5

  • OS X Server 10.5.0 PPC G4+ / Intel (October 26, 2007)
  • OS X Server 10.5.1 PPC G4+ / Intel
  • OS X Server 10.5.2 PPC G4+ / Intel
  • OS X Server 10.5.3 PPC G4+ / Intel
  • OS X Server 10.5.4 PPC G4+ / Intel
  • OS X Server 10.5.5 PPC G4+ / Intel
  • OS X Server 10.5.6 PPC G4+ / Intel
  • OS X Server 10.5.7 PPC G4+ / Intel
  • OS X Server 10.5.8 PPC G4+ / Intel
  • OS X Server 10.5.8 2010-007 Intel

OS X Server 10.6

  • OS X Server 10.6.0 Intel with Rosetta (August 28, 2009)
  • OS X Server 10.6.1 Intel with Rosetta
  • OS X Server 10.6.2 Intel with Rosetta
  • OS X Server 10.6.3 Intel with Rosetta
  • OS X Server 10.6.4 Intel with Rosetta
  • OS X Server 10.6.5 Intel with Rosetta
  • OS X Server 10.6.6 Intel with Rosetta
  • OS X Server 10.6.7 Intel with Rosetta
  • OS X Server 10.6.8 Intel with Rosetta


From 10.7 onward, Server updates are part of the Client update cycle.

A list of updates to Mac OS X Server

Sources and References

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External Links

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